“Winter” Pink Eye in Calves and Yearlings
We have seen a recent run of “winter” pink eye in calves this year. Pinkeye is also know as Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis, or IBK.
These calves are showing up with the classic symptoms of a discreet round ulcer in the middle of the eye, accompanied by tears, squinting, and a bluish haze to the eye (which is edema). A few herds have experienced concurrent respiratory symptoms and fever, as well as decreases in weight gain.
The majority of these calves have been pre-conditioned and well vaccinated as a lot of them are destined to be replacement heifers. Affected calves are born out of cows of all ages -so they are not necessarily out of the young cows with less immunity than their solid mouth counterparts.
Not Just A Poke In The Eye
Many producers have expressed concern that theses calves are simply getting poked in the eye by stemmy feed stuffs. They have pointed out the lesions in the eye to me as evidence that it looks exactly like they were poked in the eye. Many of the organisms that cause pinkeye contain an actual toxin that damages the cornea and gives the appearance of a puncture wound. So while a piece of hay or other foreign material could poke a calf in the eye and initiate a bout of pinkeye, it is not strictly necessary. Read More >
Puppy Tooth That Didn’t Fall Out
Just like in humans, a dog’s puppy teeth should fall out when their adult teeth erupt. Sometimes, the puppy teeth do not fall out, and we refer to them as “retained deciduous teeth”.
Puppy Teeth Can Stop Jaw Growth
“Penny” is a 2 month old Shih Tzu cross that was having problems eating hard food. When she came in for her puppy shots, one of her bottom canine teeth was in the wrong position and was poking a hole in her palate! The baby tooth is not only very sharp and causing Penny a lot of discomfort, but it is essentially locking her bottom jaw into place. Jaws have growth plates just like any other bone. When the jaw is locked into position every time Penny closes her mouth, the growth plate is also locked into position, and the jaw is unable to grow to its proper length.
Ibuprofen is particularly toxic to dogs and cats. Do not give ibuprofen to your dog or cat under any circumstances. If your dog or cat accidentally ingests ibuprofen, contact us immediately. Read More >
Impacted Anal Glands and Flatulence
Is your dog scooting, licking her bum, or have you noticed a “fishy smell”? If you dog has exhibited any of these symptoms, your dog may be experiencing problems with her anal glands. Anal glands are two small glands located just inside your pet’s anus. The material secreted into these glands is thick, oily, and stinky. Normal defecation often serves to empty these glands. However, if an animal is unable to empty the gland, the gland becomes impacted and uncomfortable. Both dogs and cats can suffer from impacted anal glands. Read More >
The Benefits of Pre-Conditioning Calves
“Pre-conditioning” your calves means preparing their immune system for exposure to new diseases that they will encounter upon entering their new environment at the feedlot. While pre-conditioning can include deworming, weaning, and transitioning to the feed bunk, for the purposes of this article, I’m going to address vaccination specifically. The term “pre-conditioning” itself does not designate any particular vaccine protocol. Read More >